South India Temples
» Murugan Temple
Murugan Temple - Tamilnadu
45-km From Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Presiding Deity :
One of the 33 Major Temples Of Lord Muruga In Tamil
Festivals Celebrated :
Skanda Sashti In October-November, Margazhi
Tiruvadirai, And Navaratri
Tirupporur (place of the sacred war) is one of the 33 major temples of
Tamil Nadu dedicated to Lord Muruga, situated 25-km away from Chingleput
and 45-kmfrom Chennai. Tirrupporur is an ancient temple dating back to
the Pallava period.
Tirupporur is known by different names like Poriyur or Yuddhapuri or Samarapuri.
It is believed that after vanquishing Soorapadman at Tiruchendur, Skanda
destroyed the rest of the demons at Tirupporur.
History of The Temple
Inscriptions dating back to the early 10th century as well as from the
period of Vikrama Chola of the 12th century can bee seen in the temple.
Tirupporur flourished but faded into oblivion for some time.
But Tirupporur was rediscovered and renovated by Chidambara Swamigal in
the middle of the seventeenth century. Tirupporur was who is said to be
a descendant of one of the poets of the "Tamil Sangam" of Madurai. Previously
this place was a forest covered totally by Palmyra trees.
The image of the Lord Muruga (also spelt as Murugan) is believed to be
as "Swayambhu Murti", which lay covered up by an anthill. Chidambara Swamigal
is said to have discovered the image of 'Skanda' in the anthill, and then
rebuilt the temple and reinstalled the image.
The temple was later on looked after by the decedents of Chidambara Swamigal
and brought it to the present day fame.
There are many legends related to Tirupporur according to one, Lord Vishnu
and his consort Lakshmi were subjected to the curse of Kanva rishi. In
order to liberate them from its effects Lord Shiva came to this place
and relieved them from its effects.
Hence Tirupporur temple has a lot of significance where Lord Shiva and
his son Muruga (also spelt as Murugan) are worshipped. The Sthalapurana
also discloses that Lord Muruga with his consorts Valli and Devayanai
granted protection to devas and expounded the meaning of Pranava to Agastya
Muni at this place.
According to legend, Skanda enunciated the principle of pranava or reality
to the devas here. The very concept of Pranavam is said to have worshipped
Skanda here, and the hill behind the temple is known as "Pranava Malai".
Legend also has it that Vishnu worshipped Shiva on the Pranava Hill. Legend
also has it that Skanda worshipped Shiva as "Vanmeekeswara" to rid himself
of the sin of having killed Soorapadman. Another legend has it that Skanda
enunciated the principle of pranava or reality to the devas here. The
very concept of Pranavam is said to have worshipped Skanda here, and the
hill behind the temple is known as "Pranava Malai". Lord Vishnu worshipped
Shiva on the Pranava hill.
Legend also has it that Skanda worshipped Shiva as Vanmeekeswara to rid
himself of the sin of having killed Soorapadman.
How to Get There
About The Temple
Nearest airport is Meenambakkam in Chennai; it operates both national
and international flights.
The nearest railway station is at Chennai, which is a major junction.
Tourists can access Tirupporurur by road either from Chennai or Chengalpattu.
Private taxis and regular buses ply from Chennai and Chengalpattu
This temple enshrines Skanda in several forms relating to legends from
the Skanda Puranam. The foremost of these is the depiction of Skanda as
a warrior, "Samhara Subramanya". He is also enshrined in the form of a
child, expounding the meaning of the oneness of creation Om to his father
On the eastern side of the temple is sanctum sanctorum wherein one can
see the 'Palmyra' tree and the anthill under it wherein is "Kanda Perumal"
with "Valli" and "Devayanai" on a small Peetha. Chidambara Swamigal used
to perform Abhishekam to these images. The image of the lord in the anthill
is covered with Kavacha and other jewels but no Abhishekam (also spelt
as Abhisheka) is performed for this deity.
There is a 24-pillared hall and a 30-pillared circular hall in this temple.
There is a shrine to "Vembadi Vinayaka" under a Neem tree. The two sacred
Teerthams (also spelt as Teerthas or Theertahs), "Saravana Poigai" and
"Valliyar Odai" are on the southern side of the temple. On the eastern
side of the Teerthams, there is a Mandapam of four pillars. There is also
another Teertham by name "Pranavamritam".
Services And Festivities
The deity is offered four worship services each day. Skanda Sashti is
celebrated in the month of Aippasi (October-November). Other festivals
that are celebrated over here include "Margazhi Tiruvadirai" and "Navaratri".